The basic principle of weight loss is put yourself into negative energy balance. This can be achieved by reducing your
energy intake (food intake), or by increasing your energy output (metabolism and physical activity - exercise), or
ideally combining the two. Research shows that diet and physical activity combined is more effective in the long-term.
If you want to build muscle, you need to combine a smart eating plan with a consistent resistance training programme –
one without the other will not produce significant gains. The most important thing when it comes to building muscle is
calories. To gain weight, you need to take in more calories than you burn.
Good nutrition and exercise are crucial to our general health and well being. A healthy lifestyle which incorporates a
healthy diet and exercise will help you look and feel better. It will help you to control your weight and make you feel
more energised and fitter. A healthy diet can help combat the stress, help prevent or reduce the symptoms of depression
or a low mood and boost your immune system. A healthy diet has also been shown to help reduce the risk of chronic
diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, obesity and certain cancers.
The original thought on fat burning for weight loss by the fitness industry focused on ‘the fat burning zone’ (FBZ).
This is where the individual exercises to within a specific training zone based on their exercising heart rate. However,
the most important factor to consider for weight loss is the total energy expenditure of exercise.